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Aconite. When the attack comes on suddenly after an
exposure to a cold, dry wind, with chilliness, followed by
fever, Aconite will be the remedy. It suits colds which be-
gin with coughing. It should be administered just as soon
as the patient realizes that he has taken cold. There is as
yet no discharge, but from the congestion the nose is swollen,
hot, dry and stopped up, and this stoppage is apt to change
from side to side ; there is tingling and burning in the nose
and a throbbing frontal headache; there may be sneezing
also. These symptoms are all better in the open air.

Nux vomica has colds caused by cold weather, with a dry,
stuffed up nose and rough, scrapy throat

In Belladonna there is more cerebral excitement and swell-
ing in the throat is a prominent symptom.

China has headache with pains, worse in open air, not
better, as in Aconite.

Ferrum phosphoricum is very similar to Aconite and may be
used when the onset is less sudden and violent and when
there is no anxiety and restlessness. It is also, like Nux and
Calcarea carbonica^ excellent for predisposition to take cold.

Arsenicum is especially useful in winter colds where there
is a thin, watery discharge from the nostrils which excoriates
the upper lip, yet in spite of this fluent discharge the nose
feels stopped up. There is a dull, throbbing frontal head-
ache and sneezing, photophobia, and, contrary to what one
would expect, the sneezing does not relieve in the slightest
and the irritation continues as before and is worse on going
into the open air. It corresponds well to patients who are
rsirely without a cold. These symptoms of watery discharge


and sneezing place Arsenic in the front rank in the treatment
of hay fever. Catarrh based upon a malarial miasm in poorly
nourished subjects calls for the remedy.

Arsenic iodide may be found indicated when burning in
nose and throat is marked.

Allium cepa has this excoriating nasal discharge also, but,
if anything, there is more lachrymation, which, by the way, is

Sinapis nigra resembles Arsenicum in the heat in the nose,
but with Sinapis there is dryness and no discharge. The
discharge of Mercurius^ though excoriating and acrid, is
thicker. The cold of Arsenic always settles in the nose, that
of Phosphorus in the chest. The Arsenic patient is chilly
and wants to be near the fire all the time ; the nose bums
both externally and internally.

Allium cepa. One of our best remedies for cold in the
head, indeed, is said by some to be the best, and probably it
is when indicated. The discharge is profuse, thin and acrid,
with great smarting in the nose and eyes, and the distinguish-
ing feature between this remedy and Euphrasia is the pro-
fuse lachrymation which here is bland, and under Euphrasia
is excoriating, while the opposite condition obtains in the
nose. Under Allium the edges of the eyelids bum and the
eyes are red and sensitive to light. The nasal discharge is
thin and flows constantly, excoriates the upper lip, and there
is prolonged sneezing. A peculiarity of Allium is that the
discharge ceases when the patient goes into the open air, but
returns when entering a warm room again. It is a drug
which should be given early, and if there be a splitting
laryngeal cough, causing the patient to wince and crouch
with pain, it is all the more indicated. Farrington, however,
claims that Allium is apt to drive the trouble to the chest,
and adds that when it reaches the chest Phosphorus is the
remedy. Arsenic^ too, is similar, but Arsenic has sneezing
in the cool air after leaving a warm room, and it lacks the
laryngeal symptoms so common in Allium. The Mercurius
discharge is acrid, and not as thin as that of Allium,


Euphrasia. Here the upper part only of the respiratory
mucous membrane is afiPected. Like Allium cepa it has a
copious, fluent discharge from nose, and copious lachryma-
tion, the latter being most acrid, excoriating the cheeks, and
being so profuse as to keep them wet all the time. It differs
from Allium^ as we have seen, in the character of the dis-
charge, from the eyes excoriating, from the nose bland.
Euphrasia is often well indicated in the coryzas which pre-
cede measles, when there is a cough, which sounds decidedly

Arum triphyllum. Under Arum all of the secretions are
acrid, and there is a discharge of ichorous fluid from the nose;
the nostrils and lips are sore. There may be a discharge
from both nose and eyes which is yellow and acrid. There
is thirst, but drinking causes pain. The nostrils are sore,
and there is constant desire to bore the finger into the nose.
The nose may be completely stopped up, and at the same
time there is a fluent acrid discharge Drowsiness and an
inclination to sneeze accompanies. Lycopodium has complete
stoppage of the nose night and day, with some discharge,
which may be excoriating. Dryness posteriorly and dis-
charge anteriorly is also characteristic of Lycopodium.

Gelsemium. This remedy is often underestimated in the
early stages of cold in the head. It will break up a cold at
the beginning quicker than any other remedy with these
indications : Fullness of the head, hot fever and chilliness, as
if a cold were coming on. The patient is dull and weak,
chills run up and down the back, with a watery, excoriating,
or bland discharge from the nose and sneezing. There is also a
marked inclination in the patient to hug the fire. Colds
brought on by warm relaxing weather especially indicate Gel-
semium^ hence it seems to be most useful in spring and sum-
mer weather, and corresponds well to some epidemic colds.
There is a predisposition to take cold on any change of the
weather. It has been found specially useful in influenzas
with fever.


Lachesis is often suitable for spring colds and catarrhs, with
sensitiveness of throat

Qutllaya. In the incipiency of a cold, with very sore
throat, this remedy has been found to be of signal use.

Sepia. Colds at onset of menstruation.

Nux vomica. The first stage of ordinary cold in the head
may be met by Nux vomica^ when it is brought on by damp,
cold weather, or from sitting on damp, cold steps ; associated
with sneezing and stuflFed up feeling in the nose. The nose
is dry, there is very little discharge, the eyes water, and there
is scraping in the throat, and dulness and oppression about
the frontal sinuses; the nasal passages are alternately free
and obstructed. These symptoms are worse in a warm room
and better in the open air.

Mercurius is similar, having rawness and soreness in the
nose, but it is especially aggravated in damp weather.

Pulsatilla is more for a ripe cold, and Arsenicum also has
heat and burning in the nose, but the coryza is relieved by
warmth and aggravated by cold, which is opposite of Nux.
Another symptom indicating Nux is a fluent coryza during
the day and a stuffed up sensation at night.

Mercurius. There is a profuse coryza which extends to
the frontal sinuses, burning in eyes and nose, acrid discharge,
violent sneezing, and tendency to perspiration which aggra-
vates. When a cold begins with coryza, Mercurius is a
valuable remedy.

Kali iodatum has great distress in frontal region, worse at

3 A. M.

Mercurius is especially aggravated in damp weather. Thin
watery discharges belong to Allium cepa^ Euphrasia^ Arum
triphyllum and Arsenicum, The Mercury discharge is thin
mucus, not thick as in Pulsatilla^ Hydra^tis^ and some other
drugs, or it may be yellowish green in color.

Pulsatilla. Pulsatilla is more indicated in an advanced
stage of cold in the head, what is known as a ripe cold,


hence it should not be given at the beginning of a cold, for
it is never indicated. There is no sneezing or excoriating
discharge with Pulsatilla, The discharge is thick, yellow,
muco-purulent, and, above all, bland.

Penthorum sedoides, Coryza with raw nose and throat ;
later it has the thick, yellow discharge of Pulsatilla^ but the
keynote of this remedy is a sensation of wetness in the nose.

Hydrastis is also similar to Pulsatilla^ but there is more
burning and rawness and tenacity to the discharge ; sensation
of a hair in the nostrils ; constant desire to blow the nose, which
feels raw and excoriated ; the cold has settled in the back of
the nose and throat If you have a Pulsatilla cold, and in
addition to it you have sneezing, give Cyclamen.

With the Pulsatilla cold there is usually loss of smell and
taste, and there is relief in the open air, even though the
patient be chilly.

Drosera suits the last stage of colds with a cough coming
on by fits.

Camphora. First stage of cold in the head when nose is
stopped up and is dry, and the inspired air feels cooler than
usual. It will often check an incipient cold when the chill
is first felt, and is a useful remedy in chronic or rather
paroxysmal coryzas, which occur upon every change of
weather; it may be used by olfaction. The patient feels
chilly, frontal sinuses involved, dull headache. Increased
secretion of watery mucus from nose, with and without sneez-
ing. It really comes in along with or even before Aconite^
but it has not the wide range of application that Aconite has.

Kali iodatum. Thin, excoriating and very profuse, scald-
ing discharges from the nose and coryzas, which involve the
frontal sinuses and antra of Highmore in scrofulous or mer-
curialized individuals, with profuse, watery discharges, call
for this remedy. The eyes smart, lachrymate and become
pu£Fed The throat is irritated and the nose is apt to be red.

Kali bichromicum. Discharge tough and stringy, some-
times extending to throat, causing choking. It often follows
Aconite well, catarrhs involving whole respiratory tract.


Natrum muriaticum. Colds with watery, transparent dis-
charges, causing vesicular eruptions about mouth and nose,
which burst and leave thin crusts and scabs. Running colds
with watery, clear, frothy discharge, worse on going into cold
air and on exertion ; great dryness of posterior nares. There
is entire loss of taste. This is the Schiissler remedy for coryzas,
the watery exudations being the biochemic indication for its
use. Dropping of mucus from naso-pharynx in the morning.
It also removes the tendency to take cold.

Sticta. Constant desire to blow the nose, though nothing
escapes ; stufiEed feeling at root of nose. Clarke considers
Natrum muriaticum one of the most valuable remedies we
possess for colds. The use of salt baths by the old school and
the popular use of salt food would seem to verify this obser-

Dulcamara. Dry coryza renewed by slightest exposure,
worse after getting wet, in the open air and at night It
suits especially torpid phlegmatic constitutions, those who take
cold when the weather changes to a lower temperature, and so
it becomes of great use in nasal catarrhs and influenzas of
autumn. The Nux coryza is worse in the house and better
in the open air, which will easily distinguish. Colds which
come on from change of weather and gradually involve the
whole respiratory tract may indicate Dulcamara. “Cold
sores” may accompany the colds. Colds which come on
suddenly, with a discharge dropping at times like clear water
from the nose, should call for Calcarea and it will be found
of great service.

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