All about Seborrheic Dermatitis

Dr Kajal Verma

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seborrheic

What Is Seborrheic Dermatitis?

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease that causes an itchy rash with flaky scales. It causes redness on light skin and light patches on darker skin. It’s also called dandruff, cradle cap in toddlers , seborrhea, seborrheic eczema, and seborrheic psoriasis.

It might look similar to psoriasis, eczema, or an allergic reaction. It usually happens on your scalp, but you can get it anywhere on your body.

Seborrheic Dermatitis Causes

Experts don’t know what exactly causes seborrheic dermatitis. It seems to be a mix of things, including:

  • Stress
  • Your genes
  • A yeast that usually lives on your skin without causing problems mallasezia, mainly *mallasezia globose* found on the scalp is said to cause seborrhoeic dermatitis.
  • Certain medical conditions and medicines
  • Cold, dry weather
  • An immune system response

It doesn’t come from an allergy or from being unclean.

Seborrheic Dermatitis Risk Factors

Newborns and adults ages 30 to 60 are more likely to get seborrheic dermatitis. It’s more common in men than women and in people with oily skin. These conditions can also raise adults’ risk:

  • Acne
  • AIDS
  • Alcoholism
  • Depression
  • Eating disorders
  • Epilepsy
  • Heart attack or stroke recovery
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Psoriasis
  • Rosacea

Seborrheic Dermatitis Symptoms

Babies 3 months and younger often get cradle cap: crusty yellow or brown scales on their scalp. It usually goes away before they’re a year old, although it can come back when they reach puberty.

Parents might mistake seborrheic dermatitis for diaper rash.

Adults might get seborrheic dermatitis on their face, especially around their nose, in their eyebrows, on their eyelids, or behind their ears. It can show up on other parts of your body, too:

In the middle part of your chest

Around your navel

On your buttocks

In skin folds under your arms and on your legs

In your groin

Below your breasts

Your skin might itch or burn. The scales that flake off could be white or yellowish and look moist or oily.

Because seborrheic dermatitis can look like other skin conditions, see your doctor to get a diagnosis and a treatment plan.

Seborrheic Dermatitis Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your medical history and look at your skin. They might scrape off a bit of skin and look at it under a microscope to rule out conditions that affect your skin including:

Psoriasis. This causes a lot of silvery white scales, often on your elbows and knees. It can also change how your fingernails look. You might have this at the same time as seborrheic dermatitis.

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) This usually causes inflamed skin on your head, elbows, or knees.

Rosacea This can also happen along with dermatitis. It causes a red rash with few or no scales, often on your face. Rosacea can go away and come back several times.

Allergic reaction If your rash is itchy and doesn’t clear up with treatment, an allergy could be causing it.

Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) Some stages of this condition can cause a butterfly-shaped rash across the middle of your face.

When to see a doctor

You’re so uncomfortable that you’re losing sleep or being distracted from your daily routines.

Your condition is causing embarrassment and anxiety.

You suspect your skin is infected.

You’ve tried self-care steps without success.

Management

Always use a mild antiseptic soap and detergent

Avoid sharing personal items such as hairbrush, towels and pillows, etc

Wash and rinse the soap and shampoo thoroughly from the skin and scalp

Massage the hair regularly

Wash the baby’s hair after massaging with baby oil or olive oil, with a mild shampoo, rinse the scalp properly and brush the hair with a soft brush

Get plenty of sunlight which will prevent the infections naturally

Homoeopathic Approach

Homeopathy offers an excellent treatment for seborrheic dermatitis during all stages. Various homeopathic medicine used to treat seborrheic dermatitis are

  • Kali sulphuricum,
  • Thuja occidentalis,
  • Natrum muriaticum and more.

Homeopathic medicines are natural medicines which help to reduce the itch, dandruff, intensity, frequency and duration of the complaints.

Homeopathy has a holistic approach in treating this condition hence it helps to reduce undue anxiety.

Never take any homoeopathic remedy without consulting any homoeopathic physician.

Aude Sapere

Dr Kajal Verma

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